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Hendrik Willem Mesdag is born in Groningen to Klaas Mesdag,
banker (4 April 1795, Bolsward - 4 February 1881, Groningen)
and Johanna Wilhelmina van Giffen (20 February 1802, Groningen
- 4 March 1835, Groningen). Brothers and sisters Ellegonda
(July 2nd 1826 - July 12th 1826), Ellegonda (Nov. 16th
1827 - Aug. 22nd 1866), Taco (Sept. 21st 1829 - Sept.
4th 1902), Gilles (Dec. 9th 1832 - Jan. 25th 1892)
During his schoolyears Mesdag receives drawing lessons
from C.B. Buijs (1808 - 1872) and J.H. Egenberger (1822
October: Mesdag is baptized in the Baptist Church at
Groningen. He starts work at his father's bank and remains
there for 16 years.
Marriage to Sina (often called Sientje) van Houten, daughter
of Derk van Houten and Barbara Elisabeth Meihuizen.
Mesdag accepted as a pupil at the Academy Minerva in Groningen.
Birth of son Nicolaas (called Klaas).
ends his banking career to become a professional painter.
The family spends the summer at Oosterbeek where he receives
advice from J.W. Bilders. Mesdag also studies in Vries
(near Groningen). After that he goes to Brussels where
he stays for three years.
summer Mesdag goes to Norderney,
an island off the North Sea coast. It is here that he
discovers his main theme: the sea. Mesdag starts his collection
of paintings in Brussels.
family moves to The Hague. He is admitted to the Pulchri
Studio Painters Society
Brisants de la Mer du Nord receives a gold
medal at the Salon in Paris. Jury: Ziem, Chaplin, Millet.
The painting is bought by Chaplin for Frs 2500. This important
work disappears, only to be "rediscovered" in
1993 (in two pieces) by the MDS.
Son Nicolaas dies. After the death of her son, Sientje
Mesdag-van Houten starts to paint. Jozef Israëls,
a friend of Mesdag, comes to The Hague. The friendship
dates from their childhood in Groningen.
receives the gold medal from The Hague for The Arrival
of a Fishing Boat in Scheveningen.
starts to build a museum for his private collection in
the garden next to his house.
April Mesdag's father (85) dies in Groningen.
Mesdag paints the Panorama together with Sina and some
colleagues. On 1 August it is opened to the public
Panorama is exhibited in Munich.
Mesdag buys the Panorama at an auction.
Couchant is bought for the Luxembourg, Paris.
(Now: Musée d'Orsay, Paris).
is elected chairman of Pulchri (which he remains
until 1907). The Panorama Mesdag is shown in Amsterdam.
Receives the royal distinction of Officer in the Order
of Oranje-Nassau. Gale
in Scheveningen. Start of the construction
of a harbor. Portrait drawing of Mesdag by artist Jan
Veth, present in Museum Mesdag and published as a lithograph
in De Kroniek of 24 February 1895.
Mesdag is promoted to Commander of the Order of the Dutch
Lion. Pulchri moves to the Lange Voorhout.
the opening of the new Pulchri
building is celebrated jointly with Mesdags
70th birthday. A dinner party for 230 guests is given.
Mesdag donates his private collection together with his
Museum to the Dutch State and becomes its first director.
10 January: the Mesdags are honoured for their donation
with a large Italian Party at Pulchri Studio.
wedding anniversary of the Mesdags is celebrated
at Pulchri. Works by both Hendrik Willem and Sina are
shown by all art galleries in The Hague.
20 February: Mesdag receives the Gold Honorary Medal for
Art and Science in the House Order of Orange-Nassau.
dies on 20 March, aged 74.
Martens becomes director of the Museum Mesdag. Fallières,
President of the French Republic, visits the Museum Mesdag
with Mesdag as his guide. Mesdag's 80th birthday. He receives
a gold medal from Pulchri Studio, designed by F.E. Jeltsema
(1879-1971). Mesdag becomes seriously ill. His friend
Jozef Israëls dies in The Hague.
Mesdag dies in The Hague after having been ill for more
than three years
funeral of H.W. Mesdag
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